Periodontics Brno – Královo Pole
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Periodontics

Periodontics is a branch of dentistry, which deals with treatment and prevention of the periodontium, which is the tissue that both surrounds and supports the teeth. It consists of:

  • gingiva (gums)
  • cementum covering the root of a tooth
  • alveolar bone
  • periodontal ligament
  • gingival sulcus

How does the periodontitis develop?

Everything begins with your oral hygiene. As I have mentioned in the introduction – there is no tartar and no inflammation without the dental plaque. Bacteria present in the dental plaque cause the inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). The process can be stopped by a thorough and correct dental hygiene (effective technique of teeth cleaning + appropriate dental tools).Gingivitis demonstrates itself by bleeding, sensitivity and painfulness. The gums are swollen and red.

Untreated inflammation gets worse and spreads into the surrounding tissues. The area between the tooth and the gums becomes disrupted and the so called periodontal pocket develops. These pockets are gradually filled with plaque and calculus. The calculus under the gumline is dark coloured. In the course of time the gums recede and the bone in the surrounding area resorbs (melts away). At this stage you are not able to clean all the area by yourself any more. If you want to stop this process, you need the help of a dental hygienist or a dentist.

Loose teeth and their loss

As the periodontium is damaged, the teeth start to become loose and gradually they can even fall out. This process is called periodontitis.

It starts stealthily by occasional gums bleeding. Later the changes are visible on the X-ray images – loss of the bone. Flowing of the pus, bad breath, periodontal pockets, loose teeth and their loss can also appear. Periodontics in Brno can help you with these problems. If you experience something like this, do not wait for anything and visit the dentist.

Periodontitis progression

Periodontitis progression – gums inflammation, damaged periodontium, developing of periodontal pockets with dental plaque and calculus. Last but not least – bone loss.

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